8/3/17
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Sydney Institute of Criminology
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BOCSAR releases new report on the effects of Sydney's Lockout Laws
Assaults have increased in areas around the Kings Cross and Sydney CBD lockout precincts, a new study by the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (BOCSAR) has found.

BOCSAR’s latest update on the effects of the so-called “lockout laws” extends the time period covered in previous research by an additional 15 months. The analysis now covers the 61 months before and the 32 months after the lockout laws came into effect.

Separate analyses of trends in non-domestic assault were examined in the following areas:
  • The Kings Cross (KX) and central business district (CBD) entertainment precincts;
  • A ring of suburbs contiguous with these precincts, called the proximal displacement area (PDA);
  • A group of four popular nightspots within easy reach of the KX and CBD entertainment precincts (Newtown, Coogee, Bondi, Double Bay), called the distal displacement area (DDA);
  • The rest of NSW (excluding the areas just mentioned).
The KX and CBD entertainment precincts continue to show downward trends in non-domestic assault (down 48.7% and 12.6%), respectively.

In the PDA non-domestic assaults initially declined but have since increased by 11.8%. Non-domestic assaults in the DDA have also increased (by 16.7%).

In the rest of NSW, non-domestic assaults continued to decline following the introduction of the lockout laws but at a slower pace.

Commenting on the findings, the director of BOCSAR, Dr Don Weatherburn, said that it looks as if the effects of the lockout laws have not yet fully played out.

“It remains the case, however, that the decline in assaults in Kings Cross and the Sydney CBD is still much larger than the increase in assaults in the displacement areas.”

The full report can be read online here. To learn more about the Sydney Institute of Criminology's special edition of Current Issues in Criminal Justice about the Lockout Laws, please visit our website.
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Upcoming Events
The 28th Annual Meeting of the International Police Executive Symposium
Date: 6-10 August 2017
Location: Liverpool, England

The IPES brings together leading police researchers and practitioners to facilitate cross-cultural, international, and interdisciplinary exchanges for the enrichment of the policing profession. It encourages dynamic discussions and writing on challenging topics of contemporary importance through an array of initiatives, including conferences and publications. The International Police Executive Symposium (IPES) was awarded special consultative status with the United Nations in 2011.

The theme of this event will be: 'Organised Crime & Terrorism: Policing Challenges from Local to International Level'.

Sub-themes for panels, roundtables and papers are:
- legal compatibility
- intelligence
- radicalisation
- inter-agency cooperation, and
- policing approaches (neighbourhood to national to international) and their interaction

For registration and further information, please visit the event website.
The Reintegration Puzzle: Changing Systems from the Inside Out
Date: 21-23 June 2017
Location: Rydges Sydney Central, Sydney, Australia

The 13th Annual Reintegration Puzzle Conference: Changing Systems from the Inside Out will focus on how systems work to enable people to successfully reintegrate into the community after prison and how they create additional barriers. The role people with lived experience of prison can play in changing systems will also be explored.

Speakers at the conference include:
  • ​Glenn E. Martin -  JustLeadership USA (JLUSA)
  • Keenan Mundine - Inside Out Aboriginal Justice Consultancy
  • Lana Sandas - Women in Prison Advocacy Network (WIPAN)

Further information about the conference can be found at the conference website.
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Recent Publications
Unchecked Corporate Power: Why the Crimes of Multinational Corporations Are Routinized Away and What We Can Do About It

By Gregg Barak

Why are crimes of the suite punished more leniently than crimes of the street? When police killings of citizens go unpunished, political torture is sanctioned by the state, and the financial frauds of Wall Street traders remain unprosecuted, nothing succeeds with such regularity as the active failures of national states to obstruct the crimes of the powerful.

Written from the perspective of global sustainability and as an unflinching and unforgiving exposé of the full range of the crimes of the powerful, Unchecked Corporate Power reveals how legalized authorities and political institutions charged with the duty of protecting citizens from law-breaking and injurious activities have increasingly become enablers and colluders with the very enterprises they are obliged to regulate. Here, Gregg Barak explains why the United States and other countries are duplicitous in their harsh reactions to street crimes in comparison to the significantly more harmful and far-reaching crimes of the powerful, and why the crimes of the powerful are treated as beyond incrimination.

What happens to nations that surrender ever-growing economic and political power to the globally super rich and the mammoth multinational corporations they control? And what can people from around the world do to resist the criminality and victimization perpetrated by multinationals, and generated by the prevailing global political economy? Barak examines an array of multinational crimes—corporate, environmental, financial, and state—and their state-legal responses, and outlines policies and strategies for revolutionizing these contradictory relations of capital reproduction, criminality, and unsustainability.

The book can be purchased online here.

An examination of Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs and their involvement in the illicit drug market and the effectiveness of anti-association legislative responses
By Terry Goldsworthy and Laura McGillivray

In 2013 the Queensland Government introduced criminal association and mandatory sentencing laws for members of outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMCGs). Forms of “criminal association” or “anti-bikie” laws have been introduced in several Australian jurisdictions, and recent High Court decisions upholding their constitutionality will ensure that they remain part of our justice landscape.

Generally, the aims of these laws are to declare a specific organisation as “criminal” and impose various legal orders and offences that thwart the consorting of members and address organised crime, such as unexplained wealth regimes. There have been significant criticisms of these styles of association laws both here and internationally. The aim of this research is to show the extent of involvement of OMCGs in the drug trade and associated organised crime activity, and whether anti-association laws are an effective response to this type of organised criminal activity.

Methods

This paper relied on six years of data outlining the criminal activity of OMCGs from the Queensland Police Service (QPS) obtained under the legislative framework of The Queensland Right to Information Act (RTI) 2009. Information obtained from the Queensland Commission into Organised Crime (2015) and Queensland Taskforce into organised crime legislation (2015) was also used.

Results

The data suggest that the role of OMCGs in the drug market has been overstated and is not as dominant as has been portrayed by government agencies and the popular media. Generally, OMCGs account for less than one percent of organised crime type activity. This is also true for drug type offences where OMCGs are responsible for less than one percent of offences. The findings show that the Queensland example has highlighted the ineffectiveness of the criminal association laws and the mandatory sentencing provisions in that they have had little impact on drug market activity and little success in the courts.

Conclusion

The analysis presented here is twofold: an examination of the legal ramifications and an evaluation of the investigative utility of such laws from a policy evaluation standpoint. In both cases, there is little evidence to suggest that these laws are an effective or appropriate response.

The article can be found online here.
Vol 6 No 1 (2017): International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy
Knowledge is a commodity and knowledge production does not occur in a
geo-political vacuum. The geo-politics of knowledge is unequally skewed,
privileging the global north - Anglophone social sciences. Southern criminology as a democratising project aims to address this. This special issue on the topic of Southern Criminology provides a  space for interaction between diverse global voices - read on and share widely. 

This journal is free to download, and can be found here.
Declining juvenile crime – explanations for the international downturn
By Bert Berghuis and Jaap de Waard

In The Netherlands registered youth crime figures show a spectacular downward trend from 2007 (minus 60%). This decrease can be seen amongst girls and boys, and also amongst ethnic minorities and the native Dutch. This trend can also be observed in a lot of other countries. It is striking that also in international terms youth crime has been capped. A strikingly similar picture is apparent to the one in the Netherlands. The level of the available evidence of the decrease in youth crime in a large number of different countries means that the possibility of a coincidental development occurring at the same time is extremely small, and hence there must be a causal connection. It seems that a number of international developments created a climate favorable for juvenile crime reduction: more (techno)prevention, less use of alcohol, more commitment to schooling, more satisfaction with living conditions, and the use of time. For The Netherlands this goes together with an diminished willingness of the Dutch police to follow up on suspicions that a youngster committed a minor offense. However, the real trigger for the freefall of youth crime seems to be the extensive worldwide dissemination of smartphones and online-games that started in 2006/7. This led to a lot of free time spent ‘looking at screens’ and not being present on the street and public space. So the main factor responsible for the fall in youth crime can be found in the use of free time and a different role and influence of peer groups.

The article can be found here.
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Call for Submissions
Applied Research in Crime and Justice Conference
The 2018 Applied Research in Crime and Justice Conference will be held on 13-14 February 2018 in Brisbane. Submissions of abstracts across a range of thematic areas are being invited, including:
  • ​Criminal Justice Policy and Practice
  • Policing
  • Juvenile Crime and the Justice System
  • Corrections
  • Courts and Sentencing
  • Substance Use and Crime
  • Preventing Re-offending
  • Developmental and Life Course Prevention
  • Family Violence
  • Crime Trends
  • Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis
  • Victimisation
Abstract submissions are due 30th June 2017. To submit an abstract, or for more information, please visit the event website.
Police Practice & Research: An International Journal (PPR)
Police Practice and Research is a peer-reviewed, international journal that presents current and innovative academic police research as well as operational and administrative police practices from around the world. Manuscripts are sought from practitioners, researchers, and others interested in developments in policing, analysis of public order, and the state of safety as it affects the quality of life everywhere. The journal seeks to bridge the gap in knowledge that exists regarding who the police are, what they do, and how they maintain order, administer laws, and serve their communities in the world. Attention will also be focused on specific organizational information about the police in different countries and regions of the world. PPR publishes special issues on various topics of interest. Proposals for such issues are always welcome. The best papers presented at the Annual Meetings of IPES are also published in a special issue. A specific goal of the editors is to improve cooperation between those who are active in the field and those who are involved in academic research. To this end, the editors encourage the submission of manuscripts co-authored by police practitioners and researchers.

For more information about how to make a submission, please follow the link.
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Job Advertisements
Family Violence Youth Worker - YouthLaw, Melbourne
This position has been created as a result of a one off grant from the Victorian Department of Justice & Regulation (DOJR). The successful applicant will work together with our family violence lawyer to assist young people under 25 who are experiencing or using family violence. They will provide case management to clients of the service and develop relationships with relevant services and programs to refer young people to. The family violence lawyer (4 days a week) attends the Melbourne's Children’s Court once a week on a Wednesday. They will attend court to assist and support clients and follow them up. They may also attend Melbourne Magistrates court to support young people under 25 who are respondents or applicants to intervention orders. The Youth Worker will be expected to have the ability to develop strong relationships and develop effective pathways for referral. It is expected that they will be confident & skilled to take initiative as well as take direction and work reliably as a team member. There will also be opportunities to be involved in policy and practice development & advocating for family violence services for young people.

Applications close on the 17th of March. Please follow the link for more information.
School Lawyer - WEstjustice, Melbourne
WEstjustice is seeking to employ a full time School Lawyer on a one year fixed term contract (the position may be extended depending on funding). The School Lawyer will be based at Wyndham Central College four days a week and one day a week at the WEstjustice office. They will be responsible for engaging with the school community for the purpose of assisting ‘at risk’ youth and their families with legal issues.

Salary: A salary range of $65,000 - $72,000 per annum (depending on experience) plus salary packaging is available.

About WEstjustice: WEstjustice is a multidisciplinary, community-based legal centre committed to improving justice outcomes for the people of western Melbourne, and especially the most vulnerable in our community. It was formed in July 2015 through the amalgamation of the Footscray, Wyndham and Western Suburbs Community Legal Centres, which brought a long and proud history and experience to the new organisation.

Applications close on the 27th of March. For more information and to apply, please follow the link.
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