Sydney Institute of Criminology
CrimNet is an electronic criminal justice information network, sponsored by the Sydney Institute of Criminology. It aims to fulfil the need for a means of regular and instant communication between criminal justice professionals, practitioners, academics and students in Australia and overseas.
Sydney Institute of Criminology Seminar Proceedings
The Institute of Criminology is very proud to announce the digitisation of early Institute seminar proceedings to mark the Institute’s 50th anniversary.

This process was initiated and coordinated by Institute member Garner Clancey, greatly assisted by former Institute Assistant Sophie Russell, and generously delivered by the Repository & Digitisation Services team from the University of Sydney Library. The Institute remains sincerely grateful for all of their efforts in bringing this project to fruition, and to the University of Sydney Library for its support.

The Sydney Institute of Criminology was established in 1966, and the digitisation of early Institute seminar proceedings enables greater access to an important criminological resource.

The entire archive of 78 Institute proceedings files can be found here, with topics ranging from gun control, sentencing and shoplifting to white collar crime and mental health in the justice system. Beginning in 1967, the proceedings detail twenty years of the Institute’s early and important work in researching and discussing key crime issues in Australia, many of which are still of concern today. Throughout the rest of our 50th anniversary year, CrimNet will feature a look into the proceedings as they relate to current events, allowing our readers to begin to explore this significant archive of criminological insight.  

This week, we shine a light on one of our earliest documents from 1968 entitled “The Adolescent and the Law: Treat or Punish?” In light of the recent controversy surrounding youth detention in the Northern Territory’s Don Dale centre as well as juvenile justice facilities in other states, the issue of youth justice is clearly as pertinent now as it was in 1968. The file consists of the summaries of two seminars regarding the treatment of young people in Australian detention, and what the role of juvenile justice practices should be. These seminars addressed legislation regarding young offenders, various ethical and social problems with this legislation, the protective objectives of courts and communities, and the goals and conflicts of staff who work with young offenders. Other key issues raised included whether the legal age of responsibility in NSW should be raised to 16, and the effect that increasingly common breakdowns of families may have been having on youth offending. The influences of peer groups, natural youth rebelliousness and the need for more preventative youth support services in the community were also discussed.

In the second seminar transcribed in the paper, N.C. Polden said:

“... Juvenile correctional institutions, like other instrumentalities of society, do not exist in a social or political vacuum; nor can their aims, policies and methods be entirely self-determined. They depend both on the attitudes and values of the community in regard to their role, which affects their policies, and on the financial resources made available to them which determine their facilities and levels of staffing and, to some extent, their programmes. The attitudes and expectations of the community in relation to correctional systems for juveniles must influence the attitude of institutional staff and, most importantly, must affect freedom to experiment and to implement substantial variations in practices if these are likely to be out of step with what the community expects …” (pg. 75).  

In the wake of recent events, it is clear that these challenges continue to be of concern. To read the entire 1968 document on young offenders and the law, please visit the repository or follow this link to the individual document. 
We're offering a 30% Subscription Discount to our journal, Current Issues in Criminal Justice!
Published by the Sydney Institute of Criminology, Current Issues in Criminal Justice is the major Australian journal on criminal justice. Contributors include academics, researchers and professionals, who provide expert analysis of the many aspects of criminal justice. The journal covers national and international issues, and features ‘Contemporary Comments’ on issues at the cutting edge of the crime and justice debate.

Our most recent issue of CICJ includes:

• articles on legalising sex work; offender management of stigma in employment; ‘public order’ policing; the Public, politicians, the Law, and Myra Hindley; 

• the Bali Nine and abolition of capital punishment.

• a feature on the Sydney’s Lockout Laws Forum; and

• a book review symposium on Justice Reinvestment: Winding Back Imprisonment by David Brown, Chris Cunneen, Melanie Schwartz, Julie Stubbs and Courtney Young

A yearly subscription to the journal includes three issues. We are now offering a 30% discount until the 16th of October 2016. Simply visit Sydney University Press, click 'Use Coupon' and enter the code: CICJ30.
The Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse Consultation Paper has been released
The consultation paper discusses a wide range of issues including:
  • police investigation of allegations of institutional child sexual abuse
  • decision making processes regarding the prosecution of institutional child sexual abuse matters
  • evidence given by complainants
  • joint and separate trials with multiple allegations of institutional child sexual abuse
  • sentencing of offenders convicted of child sexual abuse occurring in institutional contexts.

All interested parties are invited to make written submissions responding to the consultation paper by midday on Monday 17 October 2016, preferably electronically to criminaljustice@childabuseroyalcommission.gov.au.

Interested parties are welcome to make submissions responding to only one or a few issues, or to all issues raised in the paper. The submissions will inform the Royal Commission’s final report. 

For more information on making a submission, please visit the Royal Commission's website.

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Upcoming Events
Asylum Seeker Policies Seminar
Date: Wednesday 28 September, arrive 3:30pm - 5:30pm
Location: Deakin City Centre, Level 3, 550 Bourke St Melbourne

The United Nations Association of Australia is hosting a seminar at Deakin University regarding the treatment of asylum seekers.

Australia's Human Rights performance has recently been examined as part of the United Nations Universal Periodic Review. United Nations member states have recommended increased attention to human rights in several areas, including Australia's policies with respect to asylum seekers. UNAA Victoria, in partnership with Deakin University School of Humanities and Social Sciences, is proud to host this seminar to bring together academic and community experts in constructive dialogue about positive human rights change with respect to this issue.

The speakers include:

- Erika Feller - Vice Chancellor's Professorial Fellow, University of Melbourne, Former Assistant High Commissioner (Protection), UNHCR
-Dr Amy Nethery - Lecturer, Politics and Policy Studies, Deakin University
Light refreshments with also be provided. To register, please visit the event website.
Forum on Indigenous Research Excellence (FIRE) Symposium
Date: 24-25 November 2016
Location: University of Wollongong

The Forum on Indigenous Research Excellence (FIRE) invites staff, students and community members to attend its upcoming Symposium: "Decolonising Criminal Justice: Indigenous Perspectives on Social Harm".

Day One will include discussions on: Aboriginal justice practices; counter-colonial perspectives on justice; decolonising policing; Aboriginal people, justice and mental health; Indigenous criminology; a retrospective of state responses to Indigenous peoples. Day Two will comprise a series of Yarning Circles.


Virginia Marshall - Healing a Fractured Society: Moving Beyond a Flawed Justice System

Kanat Wano - Poverty of Spirit: The Social Incarceration of Colonised Peoples, to now Rebuilding our ‘Abundance of Spirit’ – A Justice Perspective.

Dr Juan Tauri and Professor Chris Cunneen - Towards an Indigenous Criminology: Critical Reflections on Epistemology, Practice and Critique.

Biko Agozino - The Withering Away of Law: An Indigenous Perspective on the Decolonisation of the Criminal Justice System and Criminology.

Dr Amanda Porter - Outsider Criminology: Lessons for Criminology from Beyond the Ivory Tower.

Dr Melissa Lovell - Investments in Justice?  Lessons for Australia’s Justice Reinvestment Debate from Recent Developments in Indigenous Affairs.

Moana Jackson - The Abolition of Prisons and Indigenous Self-Determination.

For more information and to register, please visit the event website.
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Recent Publications
Institute Member and PHD candidate quoted regarding court video conferencing
Carolyn McKay's doctoral research regarding the use of technology in NSW courts was publicised this week in the Sydney Morning Herald and in ABC news . Her research focuses on the impacts of audio-visual link usage on the court experiences of inmates. In the two articles, she commented on prisoners' concerns of being reduced to an image during the court process, the growing lack of face-to-face contact between inmates and lawyers, the effect of the inmate's clothing on perceptions of guilt, and the convenience of video conferencing over physical transport.

Carolyn is currently completing her PHD at the University of Sydney and is an active member of the Sydney Institute of Criminology. Her book chapter, 'Face-to-Interface Communication: Accessing Justice by Video Link from Prison' is expected to be published in Asher Flynn and Jackie Hodgson's Access to Justice: Comparative Perspectives on Unmet Legal Need later this year. One of her journal articles, 'Video Links from Prison: Permeability and the Carceral World', can be found online here.
Callinan Report on the lockout laws released​

The NSW Government has released Hon Ian Callinan AC QC’s independent statutory review of the state’s liquor laws to the public after receiving it late this afternoon.

The review is the result of seven months’ worth of consultation with the public and a wide group of stakeholders including industry, community advocacy groups, transport operators, health professionals and law enforcement agencies.

Everyone was invited to have a say and Mr Callinan received more than 1,800 submissions. Almost 30 stakeholder sessions were also held, including three roundtables into Sydney’s night-time economy.

Mr Callinan’s report states the lockout laws have made Kings Cross and the Sydney CBD safer and that they are valid. However, he also states the government could consider making the following changes:

  • Relax the 1.30am lockout and 3am last drinks measures for live entertainment venues to a 2am lockout and 3.30am last drinks for a two-year trial period.
  • Extend the state-wide sale of takeaway alcohol from 10pm to 11pm.
  • Extend the home delivery of alcohol from 10pm to midnight.

The report, including its conclusions, is available online here.

Criminal Due Process and Chapter III of the Australian Constitution

By Anthony Gray

This book articulates the potential of the principle of separation of powers reflected in the structure and text of the Australian Constitution to protect fundamental due process rights. Clearly, the founding fathers did not enact an express bill of rights in the Australian Constitution, and the document contains a limited number of express rights. However, the High Court has accepted as fundamental the doctrine of separation of powers.

While the precise contours of the separation of powers principle are still being drawn, the High Court has found that laws which require, or authorise, a court to exercise power involving a departure from characteristics of traditional judicial process are constitutionally suspect. This is because such a law would undermine a court’s institutional integrity.

While the High Court has been somewhat loath to identify precisely characteristics of traditional judicial process, some indicia – including open courts, ability to review a decision of a lower court for jurisdictional error, the provision of reasons, decisional independence and fairness – have been identified. This book argues that fundamental due process rights in the criminal law area, such as presumption of innocence, the right to silence, the right to confront accusers, open courts, no effective punishment without conviction, and proportionate rather than mandated sentencing, are so fundamental to a criminal procedure that laws which abrogate these rights and expectations are vulnerable to constitutional challenge.
The book can be purchased online here.

Would you like to review criminology books for Federation Press?

Federation Press is looking for people to review some of their latest titles, particularly those relating to criminology. A list of the books that need reviews can be found here. If you are interested in reviewing a book, please contact books@federationpress.com.au or David Mills at D.Mills@federationpress.com.au.

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Worth a Watch
4 Corners: Backing Bourke

Two months after the landmark Four Corners program Australia's
exposed the scandalous treatment of juvenile offenders, Backing
provides a glimmer of hope for communities around Australia that are struggling to break the cycle of youth crime.

This famous bush town has one of the worst crime rates in Australia. With startling rates of domestic violence, assault and property crime, too many of Bourke's residents end up in jail. Fed up with losing their young to prison, the Indigenous people of Bourke have decided to take a risk on a bold experiment to try and turn their town around.

It's based on a groundbreaking American approach called Justice Reinvestment that tries to prevent crime through simple targeted programs.

"It's really about spending more on communities and less on prisons, so it involves working out ways that you can shift resources out of the prison system." Sarah, Just Reinvest

It's been so successful that in places like Texas, the state has actually been closing prisons down. Backed by wealthy philanthropists, not government, the community of Bourke is putting the theory to the test with practical ideas, like offering free driving lessons. It's diverting people from jail time as driving without a license is a chronic problem in the outback.

Backing Bourke, reported by Geoff Thompson and presented by Sarah Ferguson, the episode can be viewed on ABC News 24 on Saturday at 8.00pm AEST, ABC iview and at abc.net.au/4corners.

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Job Advertisements
Senior Lecturer in Criminology - University of New England, NSW
  • Continuing, full-time
  • $ 110,751 to $ 127,534 per annum (Level C)
  • Plus 17% employer superannuation. Salary packaging options are available.
  • Relocation assistance provided
  • Visa sponsorship is available for this position

About the role

The Discipline of Criminology seeks to appoint a Senior Lecturer in Criminology with a substantial publication record, expertise, and ability to teach and research in a general area of Criminology. The appointee will join an enthusiastic and innovative team who specialise in areas of rural crime, forensic criminology, policing, penology, international crime, social justice, and crime and tourism. The appointee will be responsible for the ongoing development, teaching and coordination of units within the Bachelor of Criminology degree program, provide honours and higher degree by research (HDR) supervision, and take on leadership and various administrative/service roles within the discipline and the wider university. The appointee will also be expected to undertake research
in Criminology, supported where possible by external funds, and publish in high quality, peer-reviewed journals.

It is anticipated that the successful applicant would commence duties as soon as possible in 2017. The appointee will be required to work on a full time basis and report directly to the Head of School, Behavioural, Cognitive and Social Sciences, currently Professor Lewis Bizo.

Skills & Experience

The successful applicant will have a PhD in an area relevant to the
Criminology program at UNE; experience relevant to the teaching of Criminology at a university level, in particular expertise in online teaching and curriculum development, experience in honours and higher
degree by research (HDR) supervision, a research profile in Criminology with a sound record of scholarly publications and professional achievement and established ability to attract external research
funding. The ability to work independently, operate effectively as a team member and contribute to work culture, be collegiate and willingness to be involved with administration activities at a Discipline and School level are also desirable.

Additional information

To discuss this role please contact Professor Lewis Bizo: phone 02 6773 3012 or email hosbcss@une.edu.au . To find outmore about BCSS visit www.une.edu.au/bcss
Juvenile Justice Mentor Project Worker - SHINE for Kids, Sydney NSW
SHINE for Kids is a registered Not for Profit organisation that has been supporting children and families of prisoners for over 30 years. SHINE for Kids has a firm belief in the power of early intervention and a focus on collaboration to reduce the negative effects of parental imprisonment on children and young people.

They are looking for a Juvenile Justice Mentor Project Worker to coordinate the mentoring program for young people detained in Juvenile Justice Centres or on community based orders to participate in a mentoring program which aims to provide positive role modelling and strengths based alternatives to their previous life choices.

Applications close 5pm, Sunday 25 September 2016. For more information and to apply, please follow the link.
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Scholarship Opportunities
CJRC Scholarships in Southern Criminology – Round 2
The Crime and Justice Research Centre (CJRC), Faculty of Law, Queensland University of Technology, is home to distinguished international researchers and is a leader in high-impact interdisciplinary criminological research. It publishes the successful Web of Science and Scimago recognised International Journal of Crime, Justice and Social Democracy; hosts the most well attended biennial criminology conference in the global south and promotes a flourishing research culture. The CJRC is trailblazing new theoretical and epistemological horizons through its work in ‘Southern Criminology’ and to further this endeavour it will co-host the 2017 Crime, Justice and Social Democracy Conference with the Asian Criminological Society's Annual Conference.

The Crime and Justice Research Centre, Faculty of Law, Queensland University of Technology, therefore invites applications for Scholarships in Southern Criminology, valued between $2500 and $7,500 for early-career, mid-career and senior fellow researchers.

The main purpose of the scholarships is to support the travel and attendance to the Crime and Justice in Asia and the Global South: International Conference, July 2017.

The other purpose is to support collaborative research with scholars in the Crime and Justice Research Centre on topics related to developing the projects of Southern Criminology.

The scholarships will pay for travel, accommodation and conference registration where applicable. International and domestic applicants are welcome.

Please note these scholarships are not open to postgraduate students.

How to apply:
  • Provide a 250 word abstract of a paper you intend to present at the conference, or
  • A 250 word abstract of a joint piece of collaborative research with one or more members of the Crime and Justice Centre.
  • List the outcomes you expect to achieve as a result of the scholarship.
  • Attach your CV to the application.
Closing Date: 16th October 2016

Email applications to am.gurd@qut.edu.au
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