Sydney Institute of Criminology
CrimNet is an electronic criminal justice information network, sponsored by the Sydney Institute of Criminology. It aims to fulfil the need for a means of regular and instant communication between criminal justice professionals, practitioners, academics and students in Australia and overseas.
NAIDOC Week and Justice for ATSI Communities
Last week, Australia held a series of NAIDOC events throughout the country to celebrate our Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. NAIDOC stands for National Aborigines and Islanders Day Observance Committee, and NAIDOC Week is held on the first full week of July every year. These events allow Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians to come together to acknowledge the history, culture, and contributions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It therefore seems timely to discuss the achievements of Aboriginal communities and organisations in this week's CrimNet.

Much of the discussion in Australian criminology regarding ATSI communities unfortunately often revolves around over-representation in the prison system, mental illness in custody, and domestic and family violence. While these are urgent issues, it is also important to acknowledge the important work that is being done to find solutions to these problems. While there are countless people and organisations around the country working hard in this area, just one example that we will focus on this week is NSW's Justice Reinvestment trial program in the regional town of Bourke.

Justice Reinvestment is based on the premise that, since imprisoning people is extremely expensive and not often effective in reducing further offending, it can cost significantly less money to educate and rehabilitate someone instead. These programs divert a portion of funding that would otherwise be spent on incarceration back into communities with high rates of youth offending, boosting early intervention and crime prevention initiatives, creating safer communities, and thus saving the justice system money in the long run. Just Reinvest NSW also focuses on the over-representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth and adults in the justice system, and partners with local communities in efforts to reduce Indigenous incarceration. The concept has received support from larger organisations focused on the welfare of Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander people, such as Australians for Native Title and Reconciliation (ANTaR) and the Aboriginal Legal Service (NSW/ACT), as well as campaigns like Change the Record.

Australia's first Justice Reinvestment trial project has been operating in Bourke since 2013. Although it is a small town, it was ideal for such a program, as over $2 million is spent each year incarcerating Bourke's youth, many of whom are Indigenous. Just Reinvest NSW has worked closely with local organisations such as the Bourke Aboriginal Community Working Party, as well as broader organisations such as the Australian Human Rights Commission, in order to develop plans for how diverted funds can best be used to support the community and reduce youth offending. As the project is still only three years old, it is difficult to judge its outcomes, however it demonstrates a significant step in the right direction through strong community involvement and a clear focus on prevention and rehabilitation rather than incarceration, particularly for Aboriginal young people. It is also a wonderful example of different organisations, Indigenous and non-Indigenous, working towards the common goal of a safer community and reduced racialised incarceration.

To learn more about Just Reinvest NSW's trial program in Bourke, or to donate to the project, please visit their website.

At the Sydney Institute of Criminology, we acknowledge the traditional custodians of the land on which we are based, the Gadigal people of the Eora nation, and extend our respect to Elders past and present.
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Recent Publications
Sexual Deviance and Society: A Sociological Examination
By Meredith G. F. Worthen

In a society where sexualized media has become background noise, we are frequently discouraged from frank and open discussions about sex and offered few tools for understanding sexual behaviours and sexualities that are perceived as being out of the norm. This book encourages readers to establish new ways of thinking about stigmatized peoples and behaviours, and to think critically about gender, sex, sexuality and sex crimes.

Sexual Deviance and Society uses sociological theories of crime, deviance, gender and sexuality to construct a framework for understanding sexual deviance. Utilizing an integrative approach that creates a dialogue between the subjects of gender, criminology and deviance, this book is a key resource for students interested in crime and deviance, gender and sexuality, and the sociology of deviance.

To learn more or to purchase the book, please follow the link.

Evaluation of PCYC Young Offender Programs
Clare Ringland, BOCSAR

New research released last week by the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (BOCSAR) raises doubts about the effectiveness of Police Citizens Youth Club (PCYC) programs in reducing juvenile offending.

BOCSAR compared 1,405 matched pairs of juveniles, one of whom had been referred to a PCYC program and one of whom had not. The young people were matched on a wide range of factors, including gender, age, socio-economic status, remoteness of area of residence, prior offences, prior penalties, current offences and time spent in custody.

BOCSAR found that, within 12 months of program referral, 64 per cent of those referred to a PCYC Young Offender program had re-offended, with a rate of eight re-offences and five offending days per 1,000 person days of follow-up. Half of those referred had re-offended within 190 days of referral. When compared to a similar group of young people who were not referred to a PCYC Young Offender program, referral was not found to be associated with a reduced rate of re-offending within 12 months, nor with an increase in the number of days to the first re-offence, or a decrease in the rate of re-offences or offending days in the 12 months following referral.

Commenting on the findings, the director of BOCSAR, Dr Don Weatherburn said that, while they were obviously disappointing, it is possible that those referred to the PCYC were higher risk offenders than members of the comparison group. "We did our best to ensure that the treatment and comparison groups were identical in all relevant respects but, in the absence of a randomized controlled trial, you can never be 100% sure you have succeeded," he said.

The full report can be accessed through BOCSAR's website.
Crime, Law and Justice in New Zealand
By Greg Newbold

Crime, Law and Justice in New Zealand examines the recent crime trends and the social, political, and legal changes in New Zealand from the end of the twentieth century to the present. Serving as the only New Zealand–specific criminal justice text, this book takes a direct look at what is unique about the country’s criminal justice system and recent crime trends. Crime rates peaked in the early 1990s and have fallen since. Newbold considers why this happened through factors such as economy, ethnic composition, changing cultural trends, and legislative developments in policing and criminal justice. He unpacks various types of crime separately—violent crime, property crime, drug crime, gang crime, organised crime, etc.—and examines each in terms of the various complex factors affecting it, using illustrative examples from recent high-profile cases, and policy makers and practitioners working in corrections and reform.

To learn more or to purchase the book, please follow the link.
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Upcoming Events
Registrations open for BOCSAR's Applied Research in Crime and Justice Conference

Date: 15-16 February 2017
Location: Dockside Function Centre, Sydney, NSW

The NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, in partnership with the Griffith Criminology Institute, is convening the 4th annual Applied Research in Crime and Criminal Justice Conference. This conference will showcase high quality Australian and international research in the areas of policing, offender rehabilitation, situational crime prevention, corrections, early-intervention and criminal justice administration.

The event is intended for both researchers and policy makers. Officers from all levels of government will have the opportunity to see how new research might assist them in developing more effective, more efficient and more equitable ways of managing crime and justice.

Keynote Speakers

  • Elizabeth Drake, Senior Research Associate, Washington State Institute for Public Policy.
  • Dr Jerry Ratcliffe, Professor, Department of Criminal Justice and Director of the Center for Security and Crime Science, at Temple University, Philadelphia (USA). 
  • Dr Rick Sarre, Professor of Law and Criminal Justice in the School of Law, University of South Australia.

To register, visit the event's website here.

Southern Criminology Seminar

Date: 22nd of July
Location: Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane

The Crime and Justice Research Centre will be hosting an upcoming seminar on ‘Southern Criminology’, with speakers Professor Kerry Carrington, Professor Russell Hogg, Dr Helen Berents and Professor John Scott.

Almost 85% of the world’s population live in what might be termed the ‘global south’, comprising three continents. A large proportion of the world’s police and around half of the world’s 10.2 million prisoners are detained in the continents of the global south, across Asia, Africa, Oceania and South America. Yet criminology has concentrated mainly on problems of crime and justice in the Global North.

Where criminology has taken root in the global South it has tended to borrow and adapt assumptions from northern criminology. As a result, criminologies of the south have, until recently, accepted their subordinate role in the global organisation of knowledge. This has stunted the intellectual development and vitality of criminology, both in the South, across Asia and globally.

This seminar outlines how southern criminology aims to transform
criminological agendas to make them more befitting, inclusive of and responsive to the global problems of justice and security in the 21st century.  Southern criminology seeks to internationalise and democratise criminological practice and knowledge, to liberate it from its Anglophone northern bias, to renovate its methodological approaches and to inject innovative perspectives into the study of crime and global justice from the periphery. Its purpose is not to denounce but to re-orient, not to oppose but to modify, not to displace but to augment.

It is primarily concerned with the careful analysis of networks and interactions linking South and North but which have been obscured by the metropolitan hegemony over criminological thought. By undertaking a series of projects of retrieval, southern criminology seeks to globalise and democratise criminological practice and knowledge, to renovate its methodological approaches and to inject innovative perspectives into the study of crime and global justice.

To learn more and to register, please follow the link.

Corporations and Atrocity Crimes Seminar
Date: Tuesday 12th of July, 12:00-1:00pm
Location: Griffith University, QLD

Atrocity crimes – or international crimes – are the gross human rights violations that are criminalized in international criminal law (e.g. genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity). There is a growing interest for cases where businessmen or corporations are involved in these crimes. Initial studies in this field have shown cases like this are numerous: the Australian Federal Police launched an inquiry into the logistical support  Anvil Mining allegedly gave to atrocity crimes committed by Congolese armed forces against civilians, the Canadian oil company Talisman has been accused of support to the Sudanese army in clearing potential oil fields from their natural inhabitants and employees
of American companies were proved to be involved in the Abu Graib abuses. In addition, historic cases like the Holocaust and Apartheid show the involvement of companies and the role companies can play in these gross human rights violations. These cases trigger criminological questions about the nature and causes of corporate involvement in internationals crimes, as well as effective remedies. What type of corporations are involved, and how can this involvement be explained? In what ways can corporations be held accountable for this involvement? Could the corporate facilitation of atrocity crimes be prevented?

The seminar will be presented by Wim Huisman (1970), who is a professor of criminology and the head of the School of Criminology of the Vrije Universiteit (VU) in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. The research focus of Wim Huisman is on the field of white-collar crime,
corporate crime, and organised crime. Recently funded research projects focus on criminal careers of white-collar offenders, corporate complicity to gross human rights violations, causes of corruption and the prevention of food fraud. Wim Huisman is founder and board member of the European Working Group on Organizational Crime (EUROC) of the European Society of Criminology. Currently, Wim Huisman is chair of the Netherlands Society of Criminology.

The seminar is free, and registrations can be made here.
2nd NSW Local Government Community Safety and Crime Prevention Network Conference
Date: 15th-16th August 2016
Location: Wollongong, NSW

The biennial LGCSCPN conference is an event that brings together members and non-members of the network for an invaluable opportunity to share information and knowledge, to showcase contemporary projects, to create and strengthen partnerships and to discuss emerging challenges in community-based crime prevention and community safety.

The conference will highlight recent findings and experiences across a range of subjects relevant to Local Government community safety officers and their partners including anti-social behaviour, the 24 hour city and the night time economy, drug and alcohol management including the facts on ice/crystal methamphetamine, developments in the planning and design of safer communities through Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED), social crime prevention and community development based initiatives including strategies aimed at addressing domestic and family violence, responding to the increasing threat of fraud and educating and informing stakeholders.

To register for the conference, please follow the link.
2016 Fay Gale Lecture: “Invisible and Dying: Women Crossing Borders in South East Asia”
Date: Tuesday 9th August, 2016, 6:00-8:00pm
Location: Victoria State Library, Melbourne VIC

The Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia, in conjunction with Monash University, is pleased to invite you to the Academy’s 2016 Fay Gale Lecture, presented by Professor Sharon Pickering.

Compared to any other region in the world, South East Asia has the largest volume of irregular border crossings, what many refer to as ‘illegal’ migration. Border crossings have become far more hazardous and lethal than in the past, and the female share of those crossing borders has grown dramatically. Yet the circumstances driving women’s crossing, the risks and harms they face, and their deaths are largely invisible. This lecture will make the case that women’s deaths are often foreseeable and preventable, and profoundly shaped by gender. It will chart the irregular migration journeys of women in our region, showing where, how and why it is changing. It will identify the ways that social science research can promote greater recognition and accountability for these border deaths, and more humanitarian approaches to managing borders in the region.

Light refreshments and canapés will be served at the conclusion of the event. Please note, this event has a capacity of 60 people.  If you register after this limit has been reached, you will be placed on a waiting list and advised closer to the event if a space becomes available for you to attend. Registrations can be made on the event's website.
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Student Opportunities
Only four days left to apply for our Semester 2 internship!
Applications are open for the Semester 2 internship program at the Sydney Institute of Criminology. The Institute’s internship program is open to LLB, JD and Masters of Criminology students of the Sydney Law School.

The program is undertaken on a pro-bono basis. Three to four internship positions are currently offered for semester 2. Interns must be available to work 10 full days over that period. 

The internship program will be of interest to students seeking to gain experience in an organisation devoted to research and public policy in the area of criminal justice. Interns will be provided with the opportunity to participate in a broad range of Institute activities and to interact, both formally and informally, with Institute staff members.

To apply, please send a cover letter, CV, copy of your academic transcript, writing sample, and details of two academic referees to law.criminology@sydney.edu.au.

Applications for the semester 2 internship close at 5pm Friday 15 July 2016.
NSW Department of Justice Summer Clerkship
A summer clerkship with Justice Strategy and Policy provides a unique opportunity to be involved in formulating government policy, law reform and Parliamentary practice. Successful applicants will have hands-on involvement in a range of projects from civil to criminal law policy and legislation development. A summer clerkship with Justice Strategy and Policy is suited to students who enjoy working in a fast paced and dynamic workplace, have excelled in a variety of academic and non-academic fields, and are interested in pursuing a career in government or public policy.

Students who apply are expected to be in the penultimate or final year of their law degree. Applications open on 15 June 2016 and close on 17 July 2016. For more information, please follow the link.
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Scholarship Opportunities
Crime and Justice Research Centre Scholarships in Southern Criminology
The Queensland University of Technology's Crime and Justice Research Centre invites applications for Scholarships in Southern Criminology, valued between $2500 and $7,500. There are two kinds:
  • Early Career Researchers in Southern Criminology; and
  • Senior Fellows in Southern Criminology
The main purpose of the scholarships is to support the travel and attendance to the Crime and Justice in Asia and the Global South: International Conference, July 2017. The other purpose is to support collaborative research with scholars in the Crime and Justice Research Centre on topics related to developing the projects of Southern Criminology.

The scholarships will pay for travel, accommodation and conference registration where applicable. International and domestic applicants are welcome. Scholarships are available from September 2016 to December 2017.

Applications close for the first round on the 30th of July. For more information, please follow the link.
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Job Advertisements
Sexual Assault Specialist Outreach Worker - Alice Springs

The Alice Springs Women’s Shelter (ASWS) provides crisis accommodation for women and children experiencing domestic and family violence. ASWS is a not-for-profit, non-government service that operates on a feminist framework. The Sexual Assault Outreach Worker will work in accordance with the philosophy, mission statement and policies of the Alice Springs Women's Shelter Inc.

The primary purpose of this position is to provide safe effective outreach services to women who have experienced sexual assault in Alice Springs and surrounding Town Camps. The Sexual Assault Outreach worker will be required to:

  • Respond in a professional and timely manner to referrals made to the outreach service, conducting risk assessments with a focus on the immediate safety of women experiencing sexual assault.
  • Provide support and information about Sexual Assault, Domestic and/or Family violence and ensure clients are assisted to meet their safety and security needs.
  • Participate in staff meetings, skills development and training opportunities, and performance appraisal activities as directed by the executive
  • Maintain accurate and thorough record keeping covering all work performed in relation to clients and agency contacts
  • Collect, process and maintain precise statistical data on clients

Applications close on the 5th of August. For more information, please follow the link.

Team Leader - Hakea Prison, Perth, WA
Save the Children is looking for a new team leader for their prison program in Perth. In this varied and challenging role, you would manage and develop the program through team leadership, individual work and group work. You would foster lasting links with the community and encourage active engagement with the services our proud to deliver.

This is a full-time, maximum-term (4 month) position based in their Hakea prison office. You would be responsible for:
  • Supporting the design, implementation and monitoring of the program.
  • Building relationships with the local community and confidence in the program.

This role requires:
  • Proven leadership skills and the ability to nurture a cohesive team.
  • The ability to develop, implement, monitor and evaluate activities.
  • Previous experience working with prisoners and children/ families from diverse backgrounds.
  • The ability to manage competing priorities and complex scenarios.
  • A current valid driver’s licence.

Applications close on the 19th of July, and can be made here.
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Awards and Grants
AIC Criminology Research Grants
The Australian Institute of Criminology invites applications from individuals or organisations seeking to undertake quality research which is relevant to both current and future Australian criminal justice policy and makes a substantial and original contribution to criminological knowledge.

The Institute encourages applications from organisations or collaborative teams with a demonstrated capacity to deliver high quality criminological research outcomes.

Application forms and further information are now available on the CRG
. The closing date for applications is Friday, 12 August 2016.
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